The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution E–book/E–pub

Read è PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ David Wootton

Free download The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution Free download Æ The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution Í PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Read è PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ David Wootton A companion to such acclaimed works as The Age of Wonder A Clockwork Universe and Darwin’s Ghosts a groundbreaking examination of the greatest event in history the Scientific Revolution and how it came to change the way we understand ourselves and our worldWe live in a world transformed by scientific discovery Yet today science and its practitioners have come under political attack In this fascinating history spanning continents and centuries historian David Wootton offers a lively defense of science revealing why the Scienti. I was so looking forward to liking this book But in the end I did not really warm to it I do not say this lightly and it even takes me some courage to admit it Why so Because the history of ideas is a subject close to my heart and I wrote a longish essay at university about the development of historiography in the 17th century That does not mean I am an expert on this subject far from it but it does mean that I researched some of the dynamics this book explores in uite some depth and that I was hoping to re discover the joy I had at university through reading the book But for the most part I did not and here is whyThis book is a proper work of scholarly researchNow this of course would rather speak in favour of it than against it But after decades spent outside the world of academia I had forgotten what academic research can be like The part I had forgotten is that many scholars find it necessary to define the scope of their topic clinically aiming to make clear precisely where they stand relative to other scholars how they differ from other research and who they regard as their intellectual influenceAnd again there is not necessarily anything wrong with this But come on David was it really necessary to spend 50 pages on whether the term scientific revolution is appropriate or not to describe the three centuries since the discovery of America The term was invented by Thomas Kuhn a key scholar in the field whose book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions was met with so much acclaim that the key term from its title re surfaced in the research of other eminent thinkers notably Alexandre Koyre The Astronomical Revolution Copernicus Kepler Borelli Now apparently the term revolution is so ingrained in the scholarly psyche that we need a tedious chapter discussing whether naming conventions established by contemporary scholars are appropriate or not I was hoping this book would deepen my insights into a crucial development in the history of ideas Certainly one or two pages on this would have sufficed So I was off to a disappointing start In fact I would have preferred it if David had discussed his research methodology to put his analysis onto a sound footing Surprisingly David chose not to talk about that at all That is surprising in a work of scholarly research But worse than being merely surprising in the case of this monograph it is also disappointing It is disappointing because it omits a necessary building block without which much of what David says lacks rigour Well I thought so anyway Methodology What s in a wordThe methodology that I am uibbling with is a linguistic approach to historical analysis Freuently David traces the usage of a certain expression back through the ages and identifies a time when the expression was not widely used He then concludes that the concept the expression denotes cannot have existed in the time period before it was coined and by extension concludes that the concept behind the expression developed first with the emergence of the wordThe issue I have with this method is subtle I do not deny that language reflects reality and that speakers users of the technology language define words through usage and consensus of what they stand for The expression internet did not exist in ancient Greece the word gay meant something entirely different in 1730 than it does now and there is rarely ever the need today to use the word abacus for exampleSo yes I agree that language reflects society and that linguistic archaeology can be a useful and appropriate tool to infer the state of mind of past societies or communities But I wonder how this method needs to be applied and what the conclusions are that it allows How to apply the toolThe problem with linguistic archaeology is that it reuires a statistician not a historian to use it properly The first time David uses the linguistic method is in his discussion of the term discovery Basically he says that prior to the discovery of America there was no term in the European languages that expressed the concept of first finding evidence for something hitherto unknown David argues that the absence of the term also denotes the absence of the concept and highlights the dominance of the Aristotelian anti empirical method I actually find David s idea convincing and brilliantly insightful in principle But I do not trust myself to accept if fully And the reason is that David has not shown me evidence that freuency of usage actually jumped after 1492 from near zero to something significantly non zero Actually he never even defines what metric he uses to identify an increase in usage It is number of occurrences per text per year If so where are the numbers I want to see a bar chart And this introduces another problem how long does the time series have to be before I can conclude that the word discovery really did not exist pre Columbus 100 years 200 If I apply the benchmark of modern science I could not accept the hypothesis as true unless I can show that the freuency of usage increased to a significant level within a clearly defined confidence interval And that is a problem unless I count words in all relevant texts on a given subject since antiuityTo be fair to David he does mention EEBO and ECCO Early English Books Online Eighteenth Century Collections Online and comments on the efficiency of search algorithms these facilities offer p592 so there is evidence that he applied some form of structured statistical anaysis But he never goes into his methodology he never shows us the results and he most certainly does not publish the numerical evidence None of this invalidates his insights But what I would see as lack of rigour in this regard diminishes the confidence I have in David s results And this is a problem because his methodology of linguistic archaeology permeates the book I suspect David is far gifted linguist than he is a statistician What conclusions can we draw when applying the toolTo make things worse I did often not agree entirely with the conclusions he drew To stay with the example of discovery David concludes that prior to the discovery of America the concept of discovery did not exist because the word did not exist But I wonder To me it is plausible to suggest that discoveries were happening so rarely in pre Americodiscovery times that people had not coined a word for it So after Columbus the Aristotelian stranglehold on natural philosophy weakened sufficiently to allow findings that had hitherto not been made to occur at an ever increasing rate and because of this a catchy expression had to be coined This interpretation changes the gist of David s argument only subtly but I think the difference in viewpoint is still important enough to mention It is different to say the freuency of discoveries increased materially from discoveries did not exist pre Columbus But it is a beautiful bookSo I must admit what I see as vagueness in the key methodology David employs did not allow me to trust his findings as much as I would have needed to for a truly satisfactory learning experience But there are chapters in the book in which it did live up to my expectations These are chapters 4 to 6 in which David brilliantly lays out the interplay between discoveries and the impact they have on the way we view the world The discovery of America was to be the ultimate death knell for the Aristotelian 4 sphere model of the world which in turn paved the way for the development of perspective painting and a commensurate re interpretation of the position of man in the world and of the world in the cosmos The book is full of beautifully reproduced paintings drawings and woodcuts At one point I was so excited by the illustrations that I thought I d buy a first edition copy of Robert Hooke s Micrographia I even found one on Abe Books for 80000 plus 12 shipping Twelve pounds shipping The cheek of itOk so I didn t buy it But I did buy a facsimile copy And I bought some other books from the time like Johannes Kepler s Somnium or Francis Godwin s Man in the Moone arguably the first ever science fiction novelSo in the end I did have a fun time with the book and you can see I did get excited about the time But since it is a proper scholarly treatise and not pop science I could not get past what I saw as a methodological weakness But if your opinion on this differs or you are able to overlook the issue you will probably gain interesting insights reading it So in the end I would still recommend the book even though I did not get the rich intellectual experience I was hoping for

Free download The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution

The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution

Free download The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution Free download Æ The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution Í PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Read è PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ David Wootton S of the natural world challenged centuries of religious orthodoxy and ingrained superstitionFrom gunpowder technology the discovery of the new world movable type printing perspective painting and the telescope to the practice of conducting experiments the laws of nature and the concept of the fact Wotton shows how these discoveries codified into a social construct and a system of knowledge Ultimately he makes clear the link between scientific discovery and the rise of industrialization and the birth of the modern world we know. This book will look I trust realist to relativists and relativist to realists that is how it is meant to look The Invention of Science isn t an easy book to read Neither is it particularly difficult thanks to Wootten s felicitous prose But it does reuire a high degree of concentration as Wootten ranges both far and deep in his exploration of how science got its start His argument is intentionally provocative precise plainly stated and copiously supported The writing is lively witty even barbed ualities generally absent in scholarly texts I also appreciated Wootten s approach to the footnoteendnote conundrum references are saved for the endnotes to accommodate readers who want to hunt down sources but comments that amplify the argument are placed at the bottom of the page to keep the reader in the flow In addition he s placed a series of longer notes at the end of the book where his basic arguments are outlined with brio and ancillary textsIn Wootten s account science is essentially the triumph of experience over philosophy All the standard characters are there Galileo Kepler Boyle Newton but also an entertaining anarchic host of lesser known scientists mathematicians theologians and philosophes doctors and clergymen Wootten gives the standard accounts an interesting spin looking as much at the tools of thought as at the tools of discovery and invention telescopes prisms air pumps He investigates the history and meaning of words such as discovery invention facts experiments laws hypotheses and even ordinary and apparently obvious terms such as progress and common sense Another excellent review on this page found this procedure a problem I didn t I was fascinated although as I said at the start one needs a strong cup of coffee and plenty of uiet concentration to make it through a few of these chaptersThis is a book that fully lives up to its title I read it after reading Noam Chomsky s recent lectures as a kind of luxuriant deeply satisfying postscript but that was just to amuse myself Capricorne, tome 3 : Deliah experiments the laws of nature and the concept of the fact Wotton shows how these discoveries codified into a social construct and a system of knowledge Ultimately he makes clear the link between scientific discovery and the rise of industrialization and the birth of the modern world we know. This book will look I trust realist to relativists and relativist to realists that is how it is meant to look The Invention of Science isn t an The Fifth Risk eBook: Michael Lewis: Amazon.fr: Amazon Media EUS.à r.l. easy book to read Neither is it particularly difficult thanks to Wootten s felicitous prose But it does reuire a high degree of concentration as Wootten ranges both far and deep in his How Science Works: The Facts Visually Explained (How Things Work) exploration of how science got its start His argument is intentionally provocative precise plainly stated and copiously supported The writing is lively witty Classic Sail 2015 Calendar even barbed ualities generally absent in scholarly texts I also appreciated Wootten s approach to the footnoteendnote conundrum references are saved for the The Westing Game (Puffin Modern Classics) endnotes to accommodate readers who want to hunt down sources but comments that amplify the argument are placed at the bottom of the page to keep the reader in the flow In addition he s placed a series of longer notes at the Tom of Finland: The Complete Kake Comics end of the book where his basic arguments are outlined with brio and ancillary textsIn Wootten s account science is Photoshop Down & Dirty Tricks for Designers essentially the triumph of Jesus and the Jewish Roots of the Eucharist: Unlocking the Secrets of the Last Supper experience over philosophy All the standard characters are there Galileo Kepler Boyle Newton but also an The Little Book of Sleep: The Art of Natural Sleep entertaining anarchic host of lesser known scientists mathematicians theologians and philosophes doctors and clergymen Wootten gives the standard accounts an interesting spin looking as much at the tools of thought as at the tools of discovery and invention telescopes prisms air pumps He investigates the history and meaning of words such as discovery invention facts A Quilt Block Every Day 2016 Wall Calendar: with 366 Blocks experiments laws hypotheses and L'apprenti tapissier even ordinary and apparently obvious terms such as progress and common sense Another SPIDER-MAN PAR J. M. STRACZYNSKI T03 excellent review on this page found this procedure a problem I didn t I was fascinated although as I said at the start one needs a strong cup of coffee and plenty of uiet concentration to make it through a few of these chaptersThis is a book that fully lives up to its title I read it after reading Noam Chomsky s recent lectures as a kind of luxuriant deeply satisfying postscript but that was just to amuse myself

Read è PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ David Wootton

Free download The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution Free download Æ The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution Í PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Read è PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ David Wootton Fic Revolution was truly the greatest event in our historyThe Invention of Science goes back five hundred years in time to chronicle this crucial transformation exploring the factors that led to its birth and the people who made it happen Wootton argues that the Scientific Revolution was actually five separate yet concurrent events that developed independently but came to intersect and create a new worldview Here are the brilliant iconoclasts Galileo Copernicus Brahe Newton and many curious minds from across Europe whose studie. another book I read across time and finished the last few pages in these two free days after the New Year dense reuiring effort both to understand the prose occasionally and to understand the arguments and one I wouldn t recommend for a novice reader in its subject The Scientific Revolution and the crucial change that happened in Western Europe gradually between 1500 and 1700 and most notably between 1600 and 1700 that led to the world of todayThere are always arguments whether there was a revolution what is science and so on but as the author points out if you look at the intellectual lifeworld view in 1500 1600 and 1700 the differences are striking and the fundamental uestions tackled in the book are what happened was it predetermined to happen or an accident that Newton Locke Leibniz Hooke and many others buildingrespondingarguing with earlier works by Descartes Galileo Copernicus and others and being able to freely or less and timely meet communicate share dispute happened to live and work in the same historical period how it happened etcNot a linear or events when who how but a full meditation on the subject also regarding it through the prism of current thinking and arguing with such in addition to presenting a panorama of the epochHighly recommended and worth persevering through the book


10 thoughts on “The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution E–book/E–pub

  1. says: The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution E–book/E–pub Read è PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ David Wootton Free download The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution

    Read è PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ David Wootton David Wootton ↠ 2 Read & download The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution E–book/E–pub This is a book with a simple argument to make that the scientific revolution was a real thing it definitely happened and it happened at a specific point in time namely ‘between 1572 when Tycho Brahe saw a nova and 1704 when Newton published his Opticks’ In that century and a half a staggering number of new truths about reality became understood – we went from living at the centre of a universe of celestial spheres reading

  2. says: The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution E–book/E–pub

    The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution E–book/E–pub I was so looking forward to liking this book But in the end I did not really warm to it I do not say this lightly and it even takes me some courage to admit it Why so? Because the history of ideas is a subject close to my heart and I wrote a longish essay at university about the development of historiography in the 17th century That does not mean I am an expert on this subject far from it but it does mean that I researched some of the dyn

  3. says: The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution E–book/E–pub

    The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution E–book/E–pub David Wootton ↠ 2 Read & download Free download The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution This is probably a very important book to read if you're a philosopher of science who thinks that the theories of phlogiston and evolution are of eual validity Of course those people do not exist This is clearly a failure o

  4. says: The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution E–book/E–pub

    The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution E–book/E–pub another book I read across time and finished the last few pages in these two free days after the New Year dense

  5. says: The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution E–book/E–pub

    The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution E–book/E–pub Simply one of the best treatments of the history and philosophy of science I've read An exploration of how science developed what tools and cultural conditions made it possible and how and why it has progressed It is also presents a very clear understanding of what science is and why it works for explicating natu

  6. says: The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution E–book/E–pub

    David Wootton ↠ 2 Read & download Read è PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ David Wootton The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution E–book/E–pub This book defends the traditional idea of the scientific revolution as a break in Western history that so radical that it introduced the idea of progress disenchanted the world created a worldview based on the idea that knowledge was not bas

  7. says: The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution E–book/E–pub

    The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution E–book/E–pub Read è PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ David Wootton Free download The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution This is no lightweight book both literally and metaphorically It packs in nearly 600 pages of decidedly small print and manages to assign about 10 per cent of these simply to deciding what is meant by a 'scientific revolution' the subtitle is 'a new history of the scientific revolution' While warning of the importance of being aware of the change in meaning of some terms the author successfully demolishes the

  8. says: The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution E–book/E–pub David Wootton ↠ 2 Read & download Free download The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution

    The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution E–book/E–pub This book will look I trust realist to relativists and relativist to realists that is how it is meant to look The Invention of Science isn't an easy book to read Neither is it particularly difficult thanks to Wootten's felicitous prose But it does reuire a high degree of concentration as Wootten ranges both far and deep in his exploration of how science got its start His argument is intentionally provocative precise plai

  9. says: The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution E–book/E–pub

    The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution E–book/E–pub Read è PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ David Wootton The author did a good job by laying out the historic events that make The Scientific Revolution possible He did detailed language evolution of what he called 'intellectual tools' of modern science for example Facts Discovery Hypothesis Theory Laws of Nature etc I enjoyed most of language details and comparisons French Italian lati

  10. says: David Wootton ↠ 2 Read & download Read è PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ David Wootton The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution E–book/E–pub

    The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution E–book/E–pub HIGHLY recommended for science nerdsThis is a sweeping summary very well sourced and noted of the basic idea repercussions of the Scientific Revolution Here's the whole glorious thing summarized in a perfect little uote A basic description of the Scientific Revolution is to say that it represented a successful rebellion by the mathematicians against the authority of the philosophers and of both against the authority o

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  • Hardcover
  • 464
  • The Invention of Science – A New History of the Scientific Revolution
  • David Wootton
  • English
  • 12 January 2018
  • 9780061759529